Month: August 2019

Physics Reveals the Key to a Great Golf Swing

first_img Ford, exoskeleton company address strain in overhead tasks “Even the most able golfers experience occasions when a ball hit deliberately with little effort inexplicably travels further than expected,” said White, of technology company Industrial Research Ltd. in Lower Hutt, New Zealand, to “But there is an explanation. A double pendulum model, which represents the golf swing reduced to its simplest elements, explains this effect and how to make a swing more efficient.”A double pendulum consists of one pendulum tacked on to the end of another. The upper pendulum swings from a fixed pivot point and the lower pendulum swings from the end of the upper one. In golf, the equivalent components are the shoulders (acting as the fixed pivot), arms and hands (the upper pendulum), and the club shaft and club head (the lower pendulum).There are several factors influencing the efficiency of a golf swing. Among them are the length of the club, the length of the player’s arms, the mass of the club head, the wrist-cock angle – how far backward the wrists are bent during the swing – and whether the wrists actively twist during the swing, resulting in wrist torque.White’s analysis is the first to consider wrist-cock angle. His model is also very simple in a Physics 101 kind of way, explaining the mechanics of the golf swing in terms of the club’s changing moment of inertia. These two points distinguish his work from similar analyses by C.B. Daish1 and the late University of Nebraska physicist Theodore Jorgensen2.White shows that the energy and momentum of the arm-club system are redistributed during the swing as a direct result of the uncocking of the wrists that takes place before the club strikes the ball. “As the wrists uncock near the bottom of the swing, the club head and the hands are moving in different directions, which means the club pulls against the hands and slows them down,” White said. “This means, in turn, that the kinetic energy in the shoulders and arms is transferred to the club. Without wrist-cock, most of the kinetic energy stays in the arms and shoulders and the swing is inefficient. Best of all, the golfer does not have to do any extra work to make the transfer happen.” Thus, wrist-cock is the make-or-break factor in a good golf swing.The full range of motion of the double pendulum is described by two complicated equations. In fact, White says, they are too complicated to be of much help in a study of the golf swing. “They obscure the basic mechanism by which the golf swing derives its efficiency.”He simplified the equations by removing the components that account for radial motion – motion away from the shoulders, such as what would happen if the club handle slipped down slightly in the golfer’s hands during the swing. There are two key points in the swing where radial motion does not factor in: at the end the first half of the swing when the golfer is holding the club at a fixed wrist-cock angle and about to release the club, and the instant before the club head strikes the ball, when the golfer’s arms and the club line up vertically. By using these two snapshots, White broke the swing down into a much more basic and manageable system.“This model helps explain why learning a good swing can be difficult,” he concludes. “Both the extraordinary effectiveness of wrist cock in gaining distance (without having to do additional work) and the loss in distance that occurs with the application of wrist torque are counter-intuitive.”Citation: Rod White, “On the efficiency of the golf swing,” Am. J. Phys., 74 1088-1094 (2006)References:1 C.B. Daish, The Physics of Ball Games. (London: The English University Press, 1972)2 Theodore P. Jorgensen, The Physics of Golf. (Melville, NY: The American Institute of Physics, 1994)By Laura Mgrdichian, Copyright 2006 Citation: Physics Reveals the Key to a Great Golf Swing (2006, December 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further What happens when a golf-loving researcher injures a shoulder and can’t play for three months? Rod White, a metrologist (measurement scientist), used the spare time off the course to undertake an analysis that revealed the foundation of an effective golf swing. As it turns out, it’s all in the wrists. The simple double-pendulum model of the golf swing, showing key angles, lengths, and masses. For instance, m1, m2, and m3 are the masses of the arms/hands, club head, and ball, respectively; L1 is the length of the arms/hands, and L2 is the length of the club head). (a) The system before the club is released and (b) when the club is about to strike the ball.last_img read more

Walls are mirrors with new imaging technique

first_img New laser technology brings perfect focus to medical advances © 2012 The paper, published yesterday in Nature Photonics, is authored by Ori Katz, Eran Small and Yaron Silberberg. Prof Silberberg and his colleagues are with the Ultra Fast Optics Group at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel. They are being said to have “pushed the limits” of what spatial light modulators (SLMs) can do.SLMs modify the phase of an incoming light beam. Like a series of ocean waves, the waves in light can be slowed down or redirected when they hit scattering materials. The team’s “wavefront shaping” involves using the SLM so that it refocuses at a desired location. Exploiting the angular range in which a single wavefront pattern inverts scattering allows wide-field real-time imaging through a single process.“We show that wavefront-shaping enables wide-field imaging through turbid layers with incoherent illumination, and imaging of occluded objects using light scattered from diffuse walls,” the authors said.“Our results bring wavefront-shaping closer to practical applications and realize the vision of looking through walls and around corners.” This is not the first attempt to explore correcting for scattering, with a number of research efforts in evidence over recent years. In 2010 there was news of a prototype camera that was developed by scientists that can shoot around corners, making use of an ultra-short high-intensity burst of laser light to illuminate a scene.The Weizmann Institute team provides real-time imaging in a different way. As reported in Nature Photonics, the technique is quick, simple and uses natural light rather than lasers. The main power of the technique is said to be that it can work with incoherent light. Unlike past wavefront approaches, this technique does not require a coherent source, interferometric detection, raster scanning or off-line computational reconstruction. Earth-based astronomy and deep tissue imaging are two relevant areas that could make use of the study’s findings, as both astronomy and deep tissue imaging are challenged by scattering and dense materials. Talking about future applications, principal investigator Silberberg said, “Our technique for imaging through scattering layers may allow that study of previously inaccessible biological samples by optical imaging, e.g., imaging through thin egg shells for studying embryonic development.” Silberberg further explained what could make a difference. “If you want to look to see an embryo developing inside an egg but the eggshell scatters everything, or you want to look through the skin, scattering is the main enemy there, and time-of-flight is not a good solution.” He was referring to the “time-of-flight” approach with a laser-based camera. He envisions that the primary use for their technique will be in biological and medical studies. More information: Looking around corners and through thin turbid layers in real time with scattered incoherent light, Nature Photonics (2012) doi:10.1038/nphoton.2012.150 (Preprint is available on Arxiv)AbstractImaging with optical resolution through turbid media is a long sought-after goal with important applications in deep tissue imaging. Although extensively studied, this goal was considered impractical until recently. Adaptive-optics techniques, which can correct weak aberrations, are inadequate for turbid samples, where light is scattered to complex speckle patterns with a number of modes greatly exceeding the number of degrees of control. This conception changed after the demonstration of coherent focusing through turbid media by wavefront-shaping, using spatial light modulators. Here, we show that wavefront-shaping enables wide-field imaging through turbid layers with incoherent illumination, and imaging of occluded objects using light scattered from diffuse walls. In contrast to the recently introduced schemes for imaging through turbid media, our technique does not require coherent sources, interferometric detection, raster-scanning or off-line reconstruction. Our results bring wavefront-shaping closer to practical applications and realize the vision of looking through ‘walls’ and around corners. ( — A child’s dream wanting to come true: putting on a magic cape to see around corners and through walls, solving mysteries and catching criminals. Scientists, meanwhile, are achieving the same optical powers with knowledge and labs if not capes. A study published yesterday, “Looking around corners and through thin turbid layers in real time with scattered incoherent light,” is attracting much attention in its description of the technique, using a spatial light modulator to undo the scattering that makes objects opaque or non-reflecting. Their technique allows real-time imaging through opaque materials and around highly scattering optical diffusers. Journal information: Nature Photonics Citation: Walls are mirrors with new imaging technique (2012, July 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

The road also taken Alternative and hidden pathways in biological electron transfer

first_img Citation: The road also taken: Alternative and hidden pathways in biological electron transfer (2012, November 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from (—Photosynthesis, cellular respiration and many other biological processes have something in common: long-range electron transfer (ET), the simplest known chemical reaction that is known to occur efficiently high over distances up to 20 Å. However, determining the ways in which biological electron transfer is optimized has been a subject of considerable discussion. Recently, scientists at Universidad Nacional de Rosario and Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina conducted a spectroscopic, electrochemical, and theoretical study that suggests a unique role for alternative or “invisible” electronic ground states corresponding to directional electron transfer. Specifically, they describe a biological redox metal center (CuA) in which thermal fluctuations in Thermus thermophilus may populate two alternative ground-state electronic wave functions optimized for electron entry and exit, respectively, through two different and nearly perpendicular pathways. Explore further Scientists Show How Bacteria Move Electrons Across a Membrane (Upper) Optimal ET pathway (red) from cytochrome c to CuA in the πu state, and (Lower) from CuA in the σu* state to the ba3 group of the oxidase. Rendered from the structure of T. thermophilus ba3 oxidase (PDB ID code 1XME) (41) and the model complex between the CuA domain and cytochrome c552 (PDB ID code 2FWL) (13). Credit: © PNAS, doi:10.1073/pnas.1204251109 More information: Alternative ground states enable pathway switching in biological electron transfer, PNAS ,October, 23, 2012 vol. 109 no. 43, 17348-17353, doi:10.1073/pnas.1204251109 Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Protein film voltammetry (PFV) is an electrochemical technique that provides thermodynamic and kinetic descriptions of electron transfer and coupled chemistry occurring within redox proteins, and moreover has the entire electroactive sample under precise potential control at all times in an experiment.)”Of great importance is that all of the experiments and simulations were performed both for the wild type protein and for single point mutants that were specifically designed and produced in our labs,” Vila continues. “These mutations allowed us to perturb the electronic structure of the protein active site while preserving its native fold. Understanding exactly how the electronic structure was altered, and identifying the thermodynamic and kinetic ET properties that changed, were the key insights in our study.”Murgida also discussed key results suggested by the study’s findings – specifically, the role of alternative or invisible electronic ground states in directional electron transfer, as well as alternative ways through which protein–protein interactions and membrane potential may optimize and regulate electron–proton energy transduction. “At room temperature, every molecule exists in a form of minimal electronic energy that is usually called the fundamental or ground state. Promotion to quantum mechanically-allowed states of higher energy – that is, excited states – usually requires a large amount of energy that is not thermally available under these conditions.” As a result, except for light-activated processes such as photosynthesis, chemical reactions usually involve the ground state only.”In our work, we found that, for the CuA site, very small structural fluctuations and small perturbations change the nature of the electronic ground state, and that the new ground state has very different quantum properties and, thereby, reactivity,” Vila continues. “Unlike the case of electronically-excited states, the energy gap between these two ground states is small, meaning that both are thermally accessible. Moreover, it can be finely tuned either by small structural perturbations or by the presence of electric fields such as those generated by the membrane potential, thus altering the relative populations of states.”Interestingly, while one of the states is optimized for electron entry from Cytochrome c (Cyt) – a natural electron carrier in respiration – the other is optimized for electron exit, towards molecular oxygen (O2), the final electron acceptor in respiration). In its idle state, both researchers point out, the CuA site is mainly in the state not optimized for electron entry, which we therefore call invisible. However, they add, subtle perturbations that take place when forming the inter-protein Cyt- CuA complex shift the balance towards the alternative invisible state, thus facilitating electron transfer from Cyt to CuA, and subsequent transfer to the next redox center. In other words, the CuA site behaves as an electron hub, directing efficient electron flow by using these two different electronic pathways.Murgida notes that their findings have implications for areas of research beyond their own. “Both basic and applied research may find these results useful. Our research shows that there are still many aspects of biological electron transfer that haven’t been unveiled yet, and may push the study of electron/proton energy transduction further. On the other hand, our findings may exert a profound impact in the development of protein-based electronic devices such as biosensors, suggesting new ways in which electron transfer reactions may be finely tuned in order to design more efficient devices.”Not surprisingly, then, the researchers are looking at ways to extend their work. “For us, there’s not only one next step,” Vila concludes. “Forthcoming challenges involve three vital questions: Can we induce this ground state switch with even more subtle perturbations farther away from the metal site? Can we engineer a CuA site in which the naturally invisible state becomes more stable than the visible one? Can we elicit this two-state switching by protein-protein interactions? There are many things we’d like to try right now.” Copyright 2012 All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Professors Daniel H. Murgida and Alejandro J. Vila outline the challenges they and their fellow researchers, including Luciano A. Abriata and Damián Álvarez-Paggi, encountered when conducting their study. “Perhaps the main challenge associated with our discovery was to surmount our own preconceived hypothesis of how the ET reactions of CuA-containing enzymes should occur,” Murgida tells “At the beginning there was no place in our minds for the picture of alternative electronic states operating for electron entry and exit. We had a large collection of experimental and theoretical results, but they just didn’t add up – evidence seemed contradictory or incomplete at best. In fact, some pieces of the puzzle that tied up everything quite nicely appeared later on in our investigation.”Their seed ideas, Vila continues, were triggered by paramagnetic NMR spectroscopy and quantum mechanical calculations. Once they identified and characterized these two alternative ground states, and realized that thermal fluctuations and small external perturbations determined their relative populations, they began to comprehend much of their spectroscopic and electrochemical data. “Suddenly,” Murgida says, “everything fit. Then we began wondering, were we really the only ones who have seen this? We went back through the literature, and the answer was no: Many researchers before us obtained pieces of what we now know as evidence in favor of the existence of alternative ground-states in CuA centers – but just as it happened to us at first, they simply didn’t realize what the data meant.” After their findings, Murgida adds, the data can be reinterpreted in terms of the many different perturbations that may switch the population of either state, thereby reinforcing the notion of this mechanism being biologically relevant.In addressing these challenges, the researchers utilized a range of techniques. “We did lots of spectroscopy, such as NMR, UV/Vis, EXAFS and Resonance Raman,” Murgida explains. “Then we probed the redox functionality using protein film voltammetry – and, as mentioned, we also performed many computational calculations at the levels of classical and quantum mechanics. “This allows for high-resolution definition of activity across a wide and continuous potential range, complementing the information available from more traditional methods of analysis with resolution in the time and concentration domains,” Murgida details. “In addition, PFV affords high sample economy, films typically contain less than or equal to 1 picomole of protein, and simply transferring a film between solutions of different composition allows changes of reactivity, and their reversibility, to be readily established.”last_img read more

Physicists discuss quantum pigeonhole principle

first_img More information: Explore further Science writers reporting on the physicists’ findings heard resonance with that other blogger-comment favorite, Schrödinger’s cat. They suggested that those mulling over counterintuitive implications of quantum physics now have one more animal-related paradox to think about, in the form of pigeons, if any, found in pigeonholes. Physics World on Friday referred to “paradoxical pigeons” as the latest quantum conundrum. Scientists identified the paradox involving quantum pigeons; specifically, they have posed their findings on what the team calls the “quantum-pigeonhole effect.” According to the team, when you put three pigeons in two pigeonholes, it is possible for none of the pigeons to share a hole. They found instances when three quantum particles, they wrote, put in two boxes “yet no two particple are in the same box.”The team from California and colleagues in Israel, Italy and the UK are authors of the paper, “The quantum pigeonhole principle and the nature of quantum correlations,” by Y. Aharonov, F. Colombo, S. Popescu, I. Sabadini, D.C.Struppa, and J. Tollaksen. The research is described on the arXiv preprint server.”It’s one of those things that seem to be impossible,” said co-author Jeff Tollaksen, physics professor at Chapman University, in Physics World, but it is a consequence of quantum mechanics. “In conclusion,” said the authors,” we presented a new quantum effect that requires us to revisit some of the most basic notions of quantum physics—the notions of separability, of correlations and of interactions.”Marcus Woo, writing in Physics World on Friday, said, “They reckon that the effect will arise when an observer makes a sequence of measurements while trying to fit three particles in two boxes. First, you make an initial, “pre-selection” measurement of the locations of the particles. Next, you can perform an intermediate measurement to see whether two particles share a box. Finally, you make a final, “post-selection” measurement of the locations. You can make the pre-selection and post-selection measurements such that they are completely independent. In the intermediate step, you can make what’s called a weak measurement to look at all three particles simultaneously. And when you do, it turns out that no two particles share a box. Credit: Wikipedia © 2014 Researchers find nondestructive method to study quantum wave systems The pigeonhole principle: “If you put three pigeons in two pigeonholes at least two of the pigeons end up in the same hole.” So where’s the argument? Physicists say there is an important argument. While the principle captures the very essence of counting, the investigators said that they showed that in quantum mechanics it is not true. Citation: Physicists discuss quantum pigeonhole principle (2014, July 26) retrieved 18 August 2019 from This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

How the brain combines information across sensory modalities

first_img Explore further Binocular rivalry occurs when the two eyes view dissimilar ocular stimuli, and interocular competition replaces stable binocular single vision. When the left and right eye are in disagreement, the brain resolves the conflict via compromise, alternating visual awareness between the two viewpoints over time—the input from one eye will be suppressed from consciousness while the other becomes dominant. This rivalry phenomenon offers researchers the opportunity to study the inferential nature of perception and the brain’s apparent tendency to apply additional sensory context when presented with confusing visual input.Musicians are ideal subjects for studying the congruence between abstract visual representations because they are familiar with symbolic musical notation, and can therefore experience melodic structure through both sound and vision. The researchers designed an experiment in which a group of both musicians and nonmusicians were subjected to a conventional binocular rivalry task in which they pressed buttons to track alternating periods of dominance and suppression between dissimilar monocular displays—one eye saw a musical score scrolling through the display; the other eye saw a vertical, drifting grating. Participants tracked their alternations in perception in one of three audiovisual conditions: while listening to a melody that was congruent with the score; while listening to a melody that was incongruent with the score; or while not listening to any sound at all. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (—Visual information is dense, and researchers have long theorized that when visual stimuli are confusing or ambiguous, the brain must apply additional contextual information in order to interpret it. A group of Korean researchers became interested in one source of visual confusion called binocular rivalry as a means of studying how the brain provides additional context to confusing visual information. They have published the results of their study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. As the authors write, these results add to the growing evidence that the process of sensory combination is a form of probabilistic inference “with dynamic weightings of different sources of information being governed by their reliability and likelihood.” Additionally, the bisensory congruence observed in the participants with musical training only occurred when the musical score was perceptually dominant, not when it was being suppressed from awareness by the image of the grate in the opposite eye. “Taken together, these results demonstrate robust audiovisual interaction based on high-level, symbolic representations and its predictive influence on perceptual dynamics during binocular rivalry,” the authors write. More information: “Melodic sound enhances visual awareness of congruent musical notes, but only if you can read music.” PNAS 2015 ; published ahead of print June 15, 2015, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1509529112AbstractPredictive influences of auditory information on resolution of visual competition were investigated using music, whose visual symbolic notation is familiar only to those with musical training. Results from two experiments using different experimental paradigms revealed that melodic congruence between what is seen and what is heard impacts perceptual dynamics during binocular rivalry. This bisensory interaction was observed only when the musical score was perceptually dominant, not when it was suppressed from awareness, and it was observed only in people who could read music. Results from two ancillary experiments showed that this effect of congruence cannot be explained by differential patterns of eye movements or by differential response sluggishness associated with congruent score/melody combinations. Taken together, these results demonstrate robust audiovisual interaction based on high-level, symbolic representations and its predictive influence on perceptual dynamics during binocular rivalry. The video shows examples of the musical scores and melodies used to determine that the brain can use the abstract information in a musical score to interpret what it is seeing. Credit: Blake Laboratory, Vanderbilt University ResultsIn the experiment, musical scores in rivalry enjoyed significantly greater predominance than the image of the drifting grate among the participants who were able to read music. Predominance was not significantly different between the grate and the musical score for participants who could not read music.The researchers conclude that visual awareness during states of interocular competition is influenced by nonvisual information. They theorize that musical training might play a role in the development of unusually strong connections between the brain’s perception and action systems. They further attribute the multisensory interactions observed in the study to information combinations across different sensory modalities, rather than to any sensory-neural convergence of auditory and visual signals. center_img Musicians don’t just hear in tune, they also see in tune Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences © 2015 Citation: How the brain combines information across sensory modalities (2015, June 25) retrieved 18 August 2019 from Experiment 1. (A) Schematics of rival stimuli and AV conditions. (Upper) One eye viewed a single-note musical score scrolling right to left, and the other eye viewed a vertical grating scrolling left to right. (Lower) In some trials, the participant heard an auditory melody that either matched (CON) or did not match (INC) the visual score; in other trials (not illustrated) no melody was heard (NS). (B) Predominance plotted for readers and nonreaders; pairs of predominance values for a given AV condition do not necessarily sum to 100%, because total trial duration included brief periods of incomplete dominance (i.e., mixtures, which comprised 5.6, 6.4, and 6.5% of the total viewing time for CON, INC, and NS conditions, respectively, values that are not significantly different when examined using ANOVA). Predominance values computed with mixtures excluded produce exactly the same pattern of results. **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001. Error bars denote SEM. (C) Frequency histograms showing the relative proportion of normalized dominance durations for score and for grating (i.e., score suppression) in readers in CON trials (orange), INC trials (blue), and NS trials (gray). (D) Decile plots for normalized score dominance durations and for normalized score suppression durations. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, FDR corrected. Error bars represent SEM. (E) Eye movement measurement in control experiment 1. (Upper) Decile plot of normalized score dominance durations for CON and INC conditions. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, FDR corrected. (Lower) Heat-maps showing horizontal gaze stability for CON and INC trials. The key indicates the mapping between color and incidence of fixation, with warm colors denoting greater incidence of fixation on the given spatial location of the rival target area. Credit: PNAS 2015 ; published ahead of print June 15, 2015, doi:10.1073/pnas.1509529112last_img read more

Marriage Therapists Who Follow Their Own Advice

first_imgBecause marriage is an ever-evolving experience, we constantly shift, change and, in some cases, start over. In It’s No Secret, couples share thoughts about commitment and tell us what they have learned along the way. Occupations The couple, both of whom have Ph.D.’s in psychology, are the founders of the Gottman Institute, a Seattle company that helps couples build and maintain healthy relationships based on scientific studies. They are co-authors of “Eight Dates: Essential Conversations for a Lifetime of Love,” which was published in February by Workman Publishing. Who Dr. Julie Schwartz Gottman, 68, and Dr. John Gottman, 77center_img Their Marriage 31 years, 9 months and counting Read the whole story: The New York Timeslast_img read more

Topiwalleh in town

first_imgThat bling in their outfits, the multicolored Nehruvian topis and the high impact folk rock performance are what make Swarathama stand out. Coming from Bengaluru, the band retains its roots by playing E Bhoomi, their Kannada composition, wherever they go. Will begin with the most striking feature of your band- the topis. Do these signify any ideology behind the band?Well, our topis have a story to them. These are so significant that our second album in 2012 was named Topiwalleh. We used to don topis for our performances even before this album. These were not in vogue and we wanted to give them our own spin. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’We are a set of liberal people, with different ideologies. So, the Nehruvian topis do not stand for our ideology. Incidentally, the guy who makes our topis comes from a lineage where his forefathers made the same for Indian freedom fighters.Q. And do people connect to the Kannada singing band?It’s not only Kannada music, that  we play. It’s just E-bhoomi that makes it to all our performances and then there is Nane-davi( My own way) and Jambha (pride) that people like. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixYou wouldn’t believe the kind of response our topis and music elicit. It is a wonderful feeling to see people reciprocate by wearing the topis during our performances. For our international audience, we try and explain our lyrics to put things into perspective. In return, when music lovers in UK come wearing our topis, it is sheer delight to play for them.Q. That’s amazing! And it’s equally amazing to know about your social campaigns. Do you feel some sense of social responsibility as a band? We started ‘Action replay’ somewhere during our initial years as a band. The idea was to do a free-of-cost gig against all of our performances. I wish we could actually do one free gig even now but it is just not possible. But we try and take our music to villages, small towns and places other than the posh cafes of metropolitans. Q. What sort of response does a folk rock band get in smaller towns of India?People have a set perception about bands- crazy and freakish college kids with an affinity to drugs seem to be their idea of music band followers. We have, in our own way, changed that perception to an extent. Q. It is indeed a huge change. What are you planning next?Thank you. We have started working on the tunes of our third album. In a year’s time, we should be able to come out with it. Apart from that, we want to collaborate and jam with other artistes to produce some soul enriching music.last_img read more

Saluting quality

first_imgAnil Kumar Sharma, CMD, Amrapali Group and President, CREDAI-NCR received the Real Estate Tycoon Indi award for his outstanding contribution to the realty sector. The award was presented by Rt. Hon. Baroness Sandip Verma (Minister for Energy and Climate Change, U.K.) at a ceremony held in London. The Indo- British Partnership ceremony was graced by the presence of Rt. Hon. Lord Swraj Paul, Lord Dolar Popat of Harrow, Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon (UK Parliament), Lord Md. Sheikh and Lord Diljit Rana. Event also saw the presence of Deputy High Commissioner of India to UK, Dr. Varinder Paul. The leaders enlightened the diaspora about the Indo-British relation going strong and how could it go stronger.last_img read more

The booked Capital

first_imgAs Valentine’s Day is just around the corner, love-struck couples must be busy deciding their dating places for the special day. The search gets confined to restaurants, malls and other such places that claim special offers on the cupid’s day. Well, this time you can give a break to your normal dates and can celebrate the day with your loved ones in the company of books!Yes, you heard it right. The New Delhi World Book Fair 2015 is commencing on February 14 at Pragati Maidan. And if your loved one is a cricket fan, you can give him/her the best Valentine Day gift ever. Virender Sehwag is expected to pay a visit there and what better gift to a cricket fan than a meeting with the legend himself. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’As far as the ‘book lovers’,  are concerned this year the fair will mark over 1050 participants from around the globe. But the one thing to watch out for is its theme presentation based on North East. Whenever someone talks about the Seven Sisters, its breathtaking beauty flits into our mind. From people, languages, cultures, traditions to cuisines, the land possesses enormous diversity. Taking a leaf out of its literary diversity, the fair will present Suryodaya: Emerging Voices from North East India that focuses on the rich corpus of writing from the region, the land and its people. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixSingapore which is the Guest of Honour country will be participating with the 43-member strong delegation of publisher, authors and scholars. South Korea being the focus country will be participating with a 12-member delegation. Over 200 Korean books will be released during the fair. National Book Trust will also be releasing around 25 books over the period of the fair. This year the fair has introduced three initiatives that include CEO Speak, Rights Table and Author’s Corner. More than 100 CEOs and dignitaries from the industry will discuss book-trade related issues at the CEOSpeak Publishers Forum on February 15. The Right Table is a two-day event (February 16 -17) that will offer a B2B match making session between publishers. A joint venture of NBT and ITPO, Delhi World Book Fair 2015 will be inaugurated by Smriti Zubin Irani, Union Minister of Human Resource Development in the presence of author Narendra Kohli. Lim Thuan Kuan, High Commissioner of Singapore to India. Apart from Singapore and South Korea, 28 other countries like – France, Nepal, Pakistan, Germany, Japan, USA among others will be displaying their books in the Foreign Pavilion. For children, apart from the several activities, their pavilion will be organising various interactive sessions with the authors, illustrators and storytellers.Like previous year, this year too eminent authors and literary personalities will be holding interactive sessions and interactions with the visitors at various author corners. Different art and cultural workshops, creative writing/drawing competitions for children and cultural programmes have been organised that will add on to the festive mood all throughout the book fair. So, do pay a visit to the place, doesn’t matter if you are a book lover or not!last_img read more

Govt to back cos that face US sanctions for investing in Iran

first_imgIndia will protect economic interest of its oil companies from being impacted in the eventuality of US sanctions against them for investing in Iran, Petroleum Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said on Monday.Pradhan made the comments after Government Accountability Office (GAO) of US named Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC), Indian Oil Corp (IOC) and Oil India Ltd (OIL) along with two Chinese firms for having energy ties with Iran, an act for which it can impose sanctions against them. Also Read – I-T issues 17-point checklist to trace unaccounted DeMO cash“India will take its own stand, independent diplomatic stand on the issue,” he said. “Certainly economic interest of our companies and country will be priority.” He, however, refused to elaborate saying such issues cannot be discussed through media. The US Iran Sanctions Act provides for steps against persons, including foreign firms, investing more than $20 million in Iran’s energy sector in any 12-month period.According to GAO, the US has not imposed sanctions on any firm for their Iran energy ties since 1998. The US and its allies have pursued the sanctions route to isolate Iran over its alleged nuclear programme. Also Read – Lanka launches ambitious tourism programme to woo Indian touristsThe three firms have been named for their stake in the Farsi offshore block in Iran. “Looking at the diplomatic complexity of the whole issue, we will look at ways how our companies wont be affected by any adverse situation,” Pradhan said. ONGC, IOC and OIL have been named for having 40 per cent, 40 per cent and 20 per cent interest respectively in the Farsi block.All the three firms gave similar response to US GAO saying the “exploration contract (for Farsi block) expired in 2009” and that they had “not carried out any activity after 2007 in the Farsi Block”.OVL, IOC and OIL explored for oil and gas in Iran’s Farsi block and proposed investing $5.5 billion to produce gas from the 21.68 trillion cubic foot discovery they made in the offshore area located near the Saudi Arabian border.They, however, haven’t invested in the development due to differences over the contract with the Iranian government.last_img read more

Environment dept calls for ban on use of plastic bags bottles

first_imgKolkata: Arnab Roy, principal secretary of the Environment department, has sought cooperation from all corners to impose ban on the use of plastic bags and bottles.He was addressing a conference on Sustainable Waste Management, organised by CII in association with the department of Environment on Tuesday morning.”In order to arrest use of plastic bags, which constitute 50 percent of the plastic wastes, we need cooperation from all,” Roy said, adding that the state government is extremely serious about converting wastes into wealth and a source of job generation. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flights”The state government is also keen that all stakeholders – the government, industry and private citizens – come together to evolve a robust waste management mechanism,” he said.According to him, challenges of solid wastes are no longer limited to urban areas. “The rural Panchayat areas are also becoming relevant in the scheme of things,” he said.”Make value out of waste, increase efficiency of collection, recycling and processing and make public-private handshakes happen. The situation is win-win for all and the economy will also get a boost,” Roy summed up. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedKalyan Rudra, chairman, West Bengal Pollution Control Board (WBPCB), said that in view of the scarcity of land for dumping, the state government has taken up a cluster approach in solid waste management. The state government has identified common land for dumping wastes in six municipalities. They are Dum Dum, South Dum Dum, North Dum Dum, Kamarhati, Baranagore and Barrackpore.Subrata Mondol, chief general manager, National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD), spoke of the business opportunities that farm wastes can create. He also said NABARD is playing a major role in funding organic farming carried out in a judicious and environment-friendly manner.Chitranjan Dar, chairman, Sustainability sub-committee, & Group Head – CPO, LSTC, EHS and Quality Assurance, ITC Ltd, said waste is an area which has the potential of producing the next band of millionaires and generating numerous jobs.Dipankar Chakrabarti, co-chairman, CII ER Innovation Taskforce & Executive Director, Advisory Risk Management Leader, PwC India, said, to overcome the huge burden of wastes, it’s extremely important to significantly reduce waste generation, maximise reuse/recycling and further utilisation of the same as alternate raw material/fuel; thus reducing the burden of land-filling.last_img read more

Make some skincare resolutions this year

first_imgYour newly made resolutions will be focused on better health, better life, better professional front and better relationship but this time lets keep a few more for your skin. Giving full attention to face and body by following a few processes like cleaning makeup brushes to cleaning faces after gym can make your life easy.Below are some of the skin care resolutions which are a must for everyone:1. I will always clean my makeup brushes: They are our best friend while doing any kind of makeup and it gives you flawless finish then why not take care of it. Ideally, clean your makeup brushes once a week if you are using them quite often, as dirty tools can build-up bacteria which can lead to acne and other skin problems. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf2. I will do proper research before buying any product: The advertisements look so tempting that most of the time we get convinced and spend thousands of rupees on those products which don’t even suit our skin or are needed. This year make sure to do good research before buying cosmetics.3. I will not forget my body: We are often so focused on our face that we tend to neglect the rest of the body. Taking a bath is just one process, your body also needs more care. Opt for a body scrub weekly. Moisturiser and body massage can be the best gift for your body. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive4. I will stick to one programme: A good treatment or routine needs five to six weeks for visible effects, so don’t lose your patients. Never experiment with two-three treatments together.5. I will go to dermatologist: A dermatologist can provide tailored advice about your skin while testing your skin problems or signs technically. A well trained expert can suggest right products and treatment which will avoid unnecessary fancy or beautifying cosmetics. 6. I won’t starve my face: We have read many times but still don’t believe that even oily skin needs a moisturiser. Use a little moisturiser, that too every five-six hours if you have dry or semi-dry skin. Even normal skin needs two time moisturiser massage.7. I will clean up after the gym: Yes, losing calories in the gym is an achievement but that should not let your skin take a hit. Many gyms or sports clubs don’t have clean showers, as most of the people aren’t washing right away which could be a major reason for acne. Hence, swipe your face, back and neck after the class and change the clothes if you don’t have a shower and shower as soon as you reach home.8. I will  not touch my face  unnecessarily: We couldn’t resist touching the face but you have to stop. That dirt from your fingers transfers to your face and leads to breakouts.last_img read more

Good number of sick days need not make your kid dull

first_imgParents, please take note. A new study assures us that a long list of recurring but less severe illnesses such as ear pain, bad cough or running nose is unlikely to affect the learning ability of your child.Even when one sick day leads to another, and collecting prescriptions at the pharmacy becomes a routine, parents need not worry that their children’s brains are affected or they are losing the ability to do well in school, said the study published in Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”Other studies have demonstrated that serious illnesses, for example severe infections such as measles, rubella or meningitis, which we vaccinate against, affect the brain and thereby the child’s ability to learn. From this we know that illnesses, and in particular infections, to some degree have an influence on our brains,” said researcher Ole Kohler-Forsberg from Aarhus University in Denmark.”In this study, we decided to look at how children perform following the less severe infections that many of them frequently experience during their childhood,” he added. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe study involved around 600,000 Danish children who were born between 1987 and 1997. The findings showed that a good number of sick days due to less severe infections – whether five, ten or even fifteen prescriptions were picked up at the pharmacy during childhood – had no significance for the child’s ability to complete primary and lower secondary school.”On the other hand, we found that children who had been admitted to hospital as a result of severe infections had a lower chance of completing ninth grade. The decisive factor is therefore the severity of the disease, but not necessarily the number of sick days,” Kohler-Forsberg said. “The study ought to reassure those parents who find that their young children are often sick.””Our findings indicate that as long as we ‘only’ have a case of less severe infections, and even though the child is definitely ill and requires medicine, the child’s cognitive development is not at risk,” he pointed out.last_img read more

9 candidates to fight it out in Darjeeling Assembly bypolls

first_imgDarjeeling: The stage is all set for the Assembly by-polls in Darjeeling to be held on May 19. There are 9 candidates in the fray in the by-polls.There are 321 polling stations in the Assembly constituency. The number of voters is 234758 including 115665 males and 119093 females. There are 3,950 service voters as well. Polling personnel departed for the P-2 booths on Friday. The P-2 booths are those that are located in remote areas and require more than a day to reach. In some cases, man loads and ponies are used to carry the EVMs and VVPATs. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThere are three such P-2 booths in the Darjeeling district and 11 in Kalimpong. The P-2 booths in Darjeeling include Danragaon, Srikhola Primary School and Rammam Forest Village Primary School in Darjeeling district. The P-2 booths in Darjeeling include the highest booth (Srikhola Primary School at 11000 ft). Along with the state police, CAPF will be deputed for the elections. “We have got 16 company of CAPF for elections. They have already started area domination and route marches,” stated Amarnath K, Superintendent of Police, Darjeeling. Campaigning ended at 5 pm on Friday with political parties holding rallies and going on door-to-door visits. Incidentally, Amar Singh Rai, the MLA from Darjeeling, had resigned and is contesting the Lok Sabha elections. He has been fielded by the TMC backed by the GJM (Binay Tamang faction). With Rai resigning, the seat had fallen vacant.last_img read more

Perspective is everything Neelakantan

first_imgKnown for his unique approach towards mythology and epic stories like Ramayana and Mahabharata, Anand Neelakantan is back with his new and altogether a different story this time. The book titled ‘Vanara: The Legend of Baali, Sugreeva, and Tara’ promises to be the first love triangle in the history of Hindu mythology. Anand, who has previously written bestsellers, talk to Millennium Post about his new book, his inspiration and a lot more. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf From where did you get the idea of Vanara: The Legend of Baali, Sugreeva, and Tara? The idea sprouted as a short story on Tara. It was seen by the chief editor of Penguin, who encouraged me to explore the possibility of making it into a Novel. As I started researching for the work and going through my notes that I had made for my first book ‘Asura’, my television series, ‘Siya Ke Ram’ and ‘Mahabali Hanuman’ etc, I found that the story of Vanaras is a fascinating one. This is arguably the first love triangle ever remembered. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive What does this book offers, which is different from all the other books you have written in the past? While other books were focused on male perspective and has more political and philosophical perspective, this one is mainly from Tara’s perspective. It is a close-knit story of three people and their lives in the backdrop of Ramayana. This might be my first romantic thriller. It is only incidental that it is set in Ramayana period. This could be happening now and here. What has inspired you towards such stories? I have always been fascinated by our epics, the folk tales and ballads. May be, my growing up in a village in Kerala where the temple arts of Kathakali, Ottan Thullal and many others were a part of life, have influenced me a lot. Describe what mythology is for you, in one word? In one word – Proto history I think the word mythology is misleading. For Indians they are Ithihasa and Purana. These are proto-history. I believe there are some truths in such stories. These are the tales that a civilization has remembered over many thousand years. There could be and there are many exaggerations, lost of propaganda has been added, stories have been twisted for political purposes or glorification of some group of people over others, yet one can’t say they are mere stories. As a writer, what is your approach towards the female characters? Tougher to write, but I enjoy the challenge. In ‘Vanara’, it is a female centric perspective. I have kept distance from ‘Baali. Unlike Asura’ or ‘Ajaya’ series, where it is through the minds of men, most of the story evolves, in Vanara- Tara is the hero. What is the important message you want to convey through these books? That every story has many sides, not just two. Perspective is everything. Never be judgemental. People in old times were more into mythology as compared to modern times. As a writer of 21st century, what do you do to draw the young generation’s interest in such stories? As a writer, I shifted to English, though I am more comfortable in my mother tongue, because I wanted to reach more people. I try to give a rational approach to all my stories and this is perhaps that has attracted many young readers to my book. Youth is all about non-conformity and rebellion. My books are rebellious in nature and are subaltern. I may claim thus my books are youthful and hence attract the youth more. What are your expectations from this book? My expectations are like what I had for all my books. That the book shall be debated, loved, hated, appreciated, criticized and remembered for many generations to come. Writing is a pursuit for immortality. What is on your mind after this book? Which story are you going to work on? I am in the final stages of ‘Baahubali’ series book 2. The book 1 of the series – Rise of Sivagami is becoming a Netflix original series. My first target is to complete that. I have already finished a non-fiction called ‘Asura Marga’ and a Malayalam Novel, and these are in editing stage. I am working on a couple of TV shows and a major film. The next novel will be a mythological-horror, which will come after the second book of Baahubali series. Are you going to stick to this genre, or will you explore something new in the coming time? I have no plans to stick to one genre. The difficulty is in convincing the publishers. Since my books have done well in this genre, every publisher wants me to write only in this genre. It is as difficult to shift genres as it is for a debutante to get published, but I am determined to do so. ‘Baahubali ‘series was one attempt to shift away from Purana retelling. The horror genre I am writing will be another one. I would follow these with children’s books, satirical novels and thrillers. What have you learned after reading and writing all these mythological books? I have learned that perspective is everything. There are as many versions of a story as there are people. Never be judgmental and there is nothing called absolute right or wrong. That realisation has set me free and made life joyful.last_img read more

5 herbs for a healthy digestive system

first_imgToday’s lifestyle has several unhealthy facets such as lack of physical activity, poor sleep habits and consumption of unhealthy foods, including fast, processed and junk food. Hectic work schedules have increased stress levels (which, in turn, has led to disturbed sleep), unhealthy dietary habits such as eating either too much or too less, and, more often than not, not spending enough time to eat well. Smoking and alcoholism are other aspects that have led to health issues. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe negative outcome of this stress-filled lifestyle is visible in the form of ill health, the most common being poor digestive health. This is worsened by the decreasing ability of the digestive system to function efficiently with age and handle digestive problems such as indigestion, bloating, and gastritis. According to experts, digestive problems should not be ignored as they can cause irreversible complications in the long run. Several medicinal herbs and natural ingredients, some of which are well known and a part of Indian cuisine, can help in managing digestive problems naturally. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveGinger: A common flavouring agent in the Indian kitchen, ginger has a pungent smell and a warming effect when consumed. It is a home remedy for indigestion, and stimulates gastric acids and digestive enzymes that improve digestion. Ginger also helps in expelling gas from the digestive system. Black Pepper: A seasoning as well as flavouring agent, black pepper is a common spice. It contains a compound called Piperine that improves the absorption of nutrients. Black pepper improves the secretion of bile acids and thus the breakdown of foods. It also expels gas from the digestive system and hence is useful in curing flatulence, belching, etc. Triphala: An effective Ayurvedic blend of fruits of three herbs — amla (gooseberry), haritaki (chebulic myrobalan), bibhitaki (Belleric myrobalan), triphala is known for its health benefits. It prevents the accumulation of gas in the digestive system, improves the contractile movement of muscles of the digestive system and helps in the movement of food. Triphala also helps in curing indigestion. Fennel Seeds: Commonly used as a mouth freshener, fennel seeds have several digestive system-friendly medicinal properties. It has an antispasmodic action that helps in relaxing the contracted intestinal muscles. Fennel seeds also help in expelling gas from the digestive system. Shankha Bhasma: An Ayurvedic preparation made from conch shell, shankha bhasma improves appetite and digestion, and also provides relief from digestive problems like gastritis and duodenitis. While these ingredients can be used individually or in combination for better management of digestive problems, it is always advisable to consult your doctor for appropriate dosage before taking them.last_img read more

The love lust confusion

first_imgIs this show inspired from any real incident/person? How did you guys balance fiction, while keeping in mind the real issues addressed in the show?Victor: What inspired me to go ahead with this show was the intriguing journey of a woman who I’d met a few years ago. She had a similar list of desires like the protagonist of the show (Poroma) currently has. This lady was in many ways the muse behind the plot line for this show. Once that was in place, the concept was built and created with the characters who were part of my surrounding environment to give it a realistic feel/vibe. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfTara: The show has been written so well that the story is inherently real. Majority of us in the cast, while acting, would witness certain moments on the set where we felt ‘OMG!!! I’ve been through this before’ or ‘I’ve said this exact sentence before.’ It is rare to get to be part of such well-written content and I feel really blessed that Victor and Neha believed in me. As the protagonist of the story is inspired by a real person, what all did you keep in mind while choosing the actor? Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveVictor: For me, it was important that the lead character, Poroma looked Bengali, spoke the language and above all had to be extremely subtle in her acting. Poroma is one who roams with the look of uncertainty and confusion on her face wherever she goes. For this, I needed a girl who is a calm head. The moment I saw Tara, I knew that she is my Poroma. She fits the role like a glove. Tara, how did you land up in this show? Tara: It is quite a long story, but to cut it short, I met Victor, the director, and writer of the story, and knew that I had to work with him as I absolutely loved his vision for the show. Luckily he felt I was perfect for Poroma’s part. As an actor which season was more fun to shoot? Tara: Without a doubt, Kolkata schedule of season 2 was the best. We had a blast shooting there and also eating the yummy food in the ‘City of Joy’. As this is a new concept, what were the initial expectations from the show? Victor: As this show is more about the story of millennials, while making the show we thought that it would attract youngsters more. There are people like Poroma in every corner of India. And to be honest, even now, we get several messages from fans who thank us for creating a story like this, one that they can highly relate to. The biggest confusion that the youth today faces is between love and lust. By giving them a show that speaks about this dilemma in their life, we were very optimistic and confident that the show would do wonders and strike the right chord with them. But what surprised us the most is the response that we received from the older adults too – who have lived this life and now reminisce about it. For them, this show spoke about their secret lives and we were just happy to connect to them as well. Which is your favourite part/scene of the show? Victor: As a creator, I can’t choose any particular scene. Tara: I think a scene that I’ll absolutely cherish till the very end was where I’m painting a wall with Momo (Mohini Shimpi) and also Jet Skiing with Abir (Shiv Pandit). I know this is not the conventional answer, but both scenes were very special for different reasons for me. I think I really loved the scenes with Abir and Poro when she goes over to his place and then they spend the night and morning after together. What is one piece of advice Paromo Sarkar wants to share with other confused ‘Poromas’ out there? Tara: Don’t judge yourself. It’s okay to be confused and make mistakes as long as you self-reflect, accept them and try and grow from them. What do you think is one similarity and one difference between Poroma and Tara? Tara: I think the similarity is Poro and I have few friends, but the ones that we do, are close to us like family. And the difference is that sometimes Poro acts without thinking things through. I have always been the opposite and can really over-think things sometimes. Is there a third season. When is it scheduled to release? Will there be new characters? Victor: Viu is in a much better position to come out and let fans of the show know if there will be a third season. But if we plan on the third season anytime in future, you can be absolutely sure that there will be new additions to this highly-appreciated show.last_img read more

Load capacity tests for Aurobindo Setu Bijon Setu

first_imgKolkata: The Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA) has decided to conduct load capacity test of two more flyovers in the city after the health study of Sealdah flyover. The KMDA has already informed the Kolkata Police verbally about their plans to have similar kind of health study for Aurobindo Setu in North Kolkata and Bijon Setu located over the Ballygunge Station railway tracks in South Kolkata. The bridges need to be shut for traffic for three days for the study. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataAccording to sources, the KMDA wants to take up a detailed health study of these flyovers in August end or in the beginning of September. The KMDA has roped in a common agency for conducting the load test of all these three flyovers who will carry out the exercise in a phased manner. It has been decided that the Sealdah flyover will be closed for traffic movement from the evening of August 15 to the evening of August 18 (72 hours). “The KMDA has identified eight bridges in the city and their health conditions are being examined on a regular basis,” said Subrata Gupta, Principal Secretary of the state Urban Development department. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in state”We have not received any written communication but the KMDA has informed us that after the load capacity test of Sealdah flyover, they will take up similar exercises for both Aurobindo Setu and Bijon Setu. We need to plan in advance the necessary traffic diversions for smooth management,” said Santosh Pandey, Deputy Commissioner of Police (Traffic). The Aurobindo Setu at Gouribari area connects Ultadanga with the Khanna junction while the Bijon Setu connects Rashbehari Avenue with EM Bypass via Kasba. There is a huge volume of traffic that passes through them everyday and it will be a big challenge on the part of the Kolkata Police’s Traffic department to manage it. The Kolkata Police has more or less finalised plans for traffic maintenance during the period when Sealdah flyover will remain closed. All South-bound vehicles will be diverted through M G Road and Amherst Street and Lenin Sarani in order to reach Moulali Crossing. If the pressure of traffic increases at any point of time, it may get diverted from Maniktala Crossing to Amherst Street. The North-bound vehicles will be diverted using S N Banerjee Road via Janbazar/Esplanade, Bidhan Sarani, College Street and M G Road in order to reach Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road in Sealdah. On the other hand, vehicular traffic will also be diverted through Beliaghata Main Road and Canal West Road to reach North Kolkata.last_img read more

Oppose the procedure not its spirit Mamata

first_imgKolkata: A day after the Centre scrapped Kashmir’s special status under Article 370 of the Constitution, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee broke her silence and called the whole procedure followed by the government as “undemocratic”.While leaving for Chennai, Banerjee, at the Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport said that the Bill was passed by the Centre in an “undemocratic” manner and her party would not support the Narendra Modi government for what it has done. She also maintained that the people of Kashmir were not consulted before the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill, 2019 was passed in the Rajya Sabha. However, she also clarified that she was not talking about the merit of the Bill. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata”I don’t agree with the procedural method the Centre has adopted. It was not done in a democratic way. I am not talking about the merit of the Bill. I am only talking about the method. Our party has taken a strong decision and we would not support this Bill. We cannot vote for this Bill either as it would go on record. Voting for the Bill will appear to be as if we have directly or indirectly accepted the Bill. What happened in the Rajya Sabha on Monday is not praiseworthy as it was not right constitutionally, legally or technically,” Banerjee said. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateThe Chief Minister also pointed out that the Centre should have taken the consent of the people of Jammu and Kashmir before bringing in the resolution.There should have been an all-party meeting discussing all the aspects and the people of the state must have been taken into confidence. The Kashmiri people will consider themselves isolated following the passing of this Bill. “As a citizen of the country, I have been watching what is going on. We are all patriotic people and love our country. We firmly believe that Kashmiri people are our brothers and sisters. If a permanent solution is to be found, the Centre should have discussed the matter with the people of Jammu and Kashmir. We believe that there are some procedural lacks. We were willing to attend an all-party meeting if the Centre would have held it.” Expressing concern over the arrest of the Kashmiri leaders, the Chief Minister said: “I don’t have any information about senior leader Farooq Abdullah. We have seen in the media that Mehbooba Mufti and Omar Abdullah have been arrested. Mehbooba and Omar are political personalities. They are not terrorists. They should have been released in the interest of the democratic institution and for the interest of the people as well. Yesterday (Monday) we have seen curfew-like situation in Srinagar and other areas. We must restore peace. We want peaceful negotiation and a peaceful solution. There should not be any political commotion.” Giving a strong message to the people of Kashmir, Banerjee said: “In any case related to our motherland, we are together. Let the message be passed to every corner of the country that we love our motherland. The message will build confidence among the people. We have to consider that we are all citizens of the country. I would like to remind the Centre that Kashmiri people should not feel isolated. They should feel that they are very much with the country.” Banerjee on Tuesday left for Chennai to attend a meeting to commemorate the first death anniversary of DMK patriarch M Karunanidhi on Wednesday.last_img read more

Woman who uncovered racism as reason for Japanese internment in US dies

first_imgThe woman who discovered proof that thousands of Japanese-Americans who were incarcerated in the United States during World War II were held for reasons of racism, not national security, has died. Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga was 93. Bruce Embrey, co-chair of the Manzanar Committee, informed the media that Herzig-Yoshinaga died on July 18th at her home in the California city of Torrance.About 120,000 Japanese-Americans were held in camps during World War II. The reason given for their being confined was national security, and there was no time for the lengthy investigations to determine who could be a spy, versus who was loyal to the United States.Aiko Herzing Yoshinaga. (Photo by Gina Ferazzi/Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)It was the largest single forced relocation in American history.On December 7, 1941, the United States entered World War II as Japan attacked the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor. “At that time, nearly 113,000 people of Japanese ancestry, two-thirds of them American citizens, were living in California, Washington, and Oregon,” according to the National Park Service. “On February 19, 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order No. 9066 empowering the U.S. Army to designate areas from which ‘any or all persons may be excluded.’ ”A Japanese American unfurled this banner the day after the Pearl Harbor attack. This Dorothea Lange photograph was taken in March 1942, just prior to the man’s internment.No person of Japanese ancestry living in the United States was ever convicted of any serious act of espionage or sabotage during the war.Aiko Yoshinaga was born in 1924, in Sacramento, California, to Japanese immigrant parents. They moved to Los Angeles when she was a child.Yoshinaga was a 17-year-old senior at Los Angeles High School when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. Soon after, she learned she and 14 other Japanese-American students at her school would not graduate with their Class of 1942.Children at the Weill public school in San Francisco pledge allegiance to the American flag in April 1942, prior to the internment of Japanese Americans.“You don’t deserve to get your high school diplomas because your people bombed Pearl Harbor,” she recalled her school’s principal telling them.After being denied graduation, she eloped with her fiance. But the couple were forced to report to the Manzanar camp. “Now a historical site, it was then a sprawling, barbed-wire enclosed makeshift prison perched on a dry, dusty, barren region of California’s high desert and surrounded by guards,” said NBC. “It was there, in a tarpaper-covered barracks shared by three families, where she gave birth to her first child.”Official notice of exclusion and removal.The rest of her family had already been sent to the Santa Anita racetrack, and then transferred to a camp in Arkansas. There her father died.Yoshinaga moved to New York after the war ended and she was released from the camp. She divorced, had two more children, and divorced again. As a single mother in the 1960s, she found herself often wondering about her internment.“I hooked up with a group called Asian Americans for Action,” she said during a Manzanar Committee event in 2011 honoring her with a legacy award. “They turned my head around. They got me to think, ‘Yeah, I never thought about all the reasons why the government did this to us.’ ”Institutions of the War Relocation Authority in the Midwestern, Southern, and Western United StatesAfter moving to Washington D.C., she spent time researching the war in the National Archives. Her tireless reading of documents found one that sent shockwaves through the country.The document she discovered was the original version of a 1943 government report arguing the Pentagon’s claim that the evacuation was a military necessity.Trudging through the mud during rainy weather at the Jerome Relocation CenterIt said that it was “impossible to establish the identity of the loyal and the disloyal with any degree of safety” and added: “It was not that there was insufficient time in which to make such a determination; it was simply a matter of facing the realities that a positive determination could not be made, that an exact separation of the ‘sheep from the goats’ was unfeasible.”The discovery was part of research that helped lead to a congressional commission’s conclusion in 1983 that the wartime internment was, instead, prompted by “race prejudice, war hysteria and the failure of political leadership.”The baggage of Japanese Americans from the west coast, at a makeshift reception center located at a racetrack“Her discovery of that original published justification, which was then later altered 180 degrees, revealed that the motivation for incarceration was not really a military necessity but outright racism,” said San Francisco attorney Dale Minami to NBC. He had used it as evidence in getting wartime convictions vacated for those who refused to report to relocation camps.The resulting investigations and committee findings resulted in President Ronald Reagan issuing a formal apology and the awarding of $20,000 each to those who had been interned during World War II.Dust storm at Manzanar War Relocation Center.“She was just a regular person who was wondering, ‘Why was I plucked out of high school before my senior year and not allowed to graduate?’ And that drove her personal crusade,” Minami said to the media.Read another story from us: An eerie WWII underwater graveyard of ships still holds the remains of Japanese servicemen“She was just a lovely woman, very kind and generous,” he added. “You could even call her sweet and cute. But that belied a real commitment to social justice. Not just for Japanese-Americans but for all marginalized groups.”Nancy Bilyeau, a former staff editor at Entertainment Weekly, Rolling Stone, and InStyle, has written a trilogy of historical thrillers for Touchstone Books. For more information, go to read more