Category: wbsxgeld

Pol Llonch, best player of the Eredivisie in January and February

first_img45 recoveries of @pol_llonch in just over a minute. 🐙If stealing balls were a crime, the Spaniard of Willem II would take time behind bars. 🕵️‍♂️⚽️ pic.twitter.com/fB8MkC0YBi– Migrants of the Ball (@migrantesbalon) February 5, 2020Llonch, who in an AS daily interview confessed to believing he had “a sixth sense to intuit where the play is going to end,” has already forgotten his frustrated return to Girona, concentrating all his efforts to finish the Eredivisie in European positions. “This award is for all the work the team has done so far. Thank you for all the people who help us every day! It gives us extra power to continue working the last months of the competition,” Pol Llonch wrote on social networks . During the first two months of 2020, Willem II played seven league games in which he won three wins, two draws and two losses. The best footballer of the Eredivisie is Spanish. He has read well. Neither Tadic nor Stengs nor Berghuis. Not even Ziyech. The Dutch newspaper AD awarded this award to the Catalan midfielder Pol Llonch, whose performances with Willem II earned him the prize for the best footballer in the competition in the months of January and February. The former Espanyol or Girona is key in the center of the field of Tilburg, who currently occupy the fifth position in the Netherlands First Division and fight to play in Europe next year.Llonch, who arrived at Willem in 2018 after season and a half at Wisla Krakow, is already one of the most valued midfielders of the Eredivisie. The Spanish recover an average of 12 balls per game and is the fifth player who has completed more interceptions this season in the Eredivisie. He is also the second player who has passed the most passes (38) and 103 of his 162 innings have had successful results. The ‘Pitbull’, as he is nicknamed in Tilburg, is the third player with the most fouls (52), but also one of the most received (36). It is not surprising that Willem II closed in band when Girona tried to sign it last January: the Catalan club reached an agreement with the player, but was not able to satisfy the economic pretensions of the Dutch entity.last_img read more

Harvard Unveils Ellen Portrait

first_imgA full-length portrait of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf has been unveiled by authorities of the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University in Cambridge Massachusetts, United States of America.According to a dispatch from Cambridge, the full-length portrait is an amazing likeness of the Liberian President. It shows her dressed in her favorite color, green, draped in a beautiful green and gold sash and matching skirt made from cloth woven in Liberia, and her signature head-tie, also green, with a gold-jeweled brooch. The attire is accented by her signature single row of pearls and a pin of the Liberian flag, the Lone Star.The unveiling of the Liberian leader’s portrait was part of the campaign launch for the Harvard Kennedy School, known as IDEASpHERE. President Sirleaf is a distinguished alumna of the School’s Edward S. Mason Fellows Program (MC/MPA 1971). The portrait was unveiled at a ceremony on Thursday, May 15.The portrait which was painted by Artist Stephen Coit, himself an alumnus of Harvard, is to hang in Library of Kennedy School as an inspiration to future generations of Kennedy School students, authority said.The unveiling took place at a private reception in honor of President Sirleaf, hosted by the Women and Public Policy Program (WAPPP), one of Harvard Kennedy School’s Research Centers.The dispatch says that as President Sirleaf arrived at the Malkin Penthouse, in the Littauer Center Harvard Kennedy School, adoring supporters, mostly women, surrounded her to wish her well and thank her for all that she has achieved in her career and life. Everyone sought a photo with HKS’s most illustrious alumna.Being astonished by what she saw, there was a loud “Wow! From the Liberian President, reacting to her amazing portrait.She went on to say: “A big thank you. Words cannot express the honor that I feel, and through me, the honor extended to women in Liberia, women in Africa, and I daresay women in the world, for the role that we all continue to play.I want to thank Jenny Mansbridge; she was a driving force behind this; Francine Lefrak; you, Dean Bohnet, who I’m told started the whole program of IDEASpHERE that we will all be participating in so many events.“I said to Stephen Coit, ‘How did you do it?’ I have to say that he sent me a note on the experience we shared when he did the painting. Am I right it’s a painting? What he captured in the note he sent me really was a story of my life’s journey, because he talked about darkness into light, humility in the midst of turmoil, perseverance, courage. Thank you.“I’m so deeply honored to join the other three persons which you mentioned, sterling women – I need to learn more about them so that I walk properly in their footsteps. And to all of you – the Women and Public Policy Program, the Women Leadership Group – that have really supported these events.A few of you I had the opportunity to meet before and interact with. Just being back here with you is what keeps me going; that’s the motivation and the inspiration when I can join all of you who have had such a big part to play in the success that I’ve had. And so, thank you all; it’s been a wonderful occasion. I go back home, almost walking on water. Thank you, Dean.”Earlier, in his welcoming remarks, Dean Ellwood said the event was to honor a most remarkable graduate and its only Nobel Peace Prize winner. She was an amazing leader who took over a country with many challenges, and had done an amazing job to make things work.With women like President Sirleaf, he believed there was hope for the world, after all. The commissioning of the portrait, he said, was also to make things right by including the portraits of more women at Harvard especially that of the Harvard Kennedy School’s most distinguished graduate.Dr. Iris Bohnet, Academic Dean and Director of the Women and Public Policy Program, thanked the people who had made the commissioning possible: Professor Jane (Jenny) Mansbridge, Charles F. Adams Professor of Political Leadership and Democratic Values, founding faculty Chair of the WAPPP, and the leader behind President Sirleaf’s portrait,It was in September 2012 that Dean David T. Ellwood, Dean of the Kennedy School, informed President Sirleaf that HKS wished to commission her portrait to hang in its Library as an inspiration to future generations of Kennedy School students. Upon her acceptance, the School commissioned Mr. Coit, also a Harvard alumnus, to create a full-length portrait of Liberia’s and Africa’s first female President.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Elks come away with impressive medal haul in Quebec

first_imgMembers of the Fort St. John Elks showed that they belonged with the country’s best as they were competing at the Canadian Age Class Long Track Speed Skating Championships this past weekend. Yuna Lovell led the way as she won three gold medals.Lovell’s time in the 500 metre race was the fastest of the competition, clocking in with a better time than skaters up to three years older. In the process she also captured her third straight age class championship, joining Denny and Jay Morrison as the last Elks skaters to do so.Josh Telizyn had a strong showing of his own with two golds in the 100, and 500 metre races. He finished fifth overall in the standings.- Advertisement -Also coming home with gold was Michelle Kalkman. She added a bronze medal to her achievements and finished in fourth spot in her division.Nicholas Guliov won bronze after putting in a solid skate in the 500 metre as he finished sixth overall, and Amanda Mitchell came away with a silver in the 3,000 metre and was fourth place in the U13 division.Brooke Braun was a bronze medalist in the 3,000 metre race in the U12 category and finished in sixth place overall in the division when all the races were completed.Advertisement Nyam Newlove and Jessica Telizyn were also on hand representing the Elks. They finished fifth overall in the U12 division, and 14th overall in the U14 division respectively.The next big event on the calendar for the Elks is the B.C. Winter Games in Penticton which will be held later this month.last_img read more

Canyons offering acting program

first_imgIf cast in the program, students must enroll in Theater190 in one of two sessions this summer at the college. For information, call (661)362-5070. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Other speakers include voice therapist Joanna Casden, Broadway performer Julia Gregory and opera singer Carmen Tejada. Acting workshops will be taught by Tony Abatemarco, actor and Broadway director, Kate Steele, Susan Hinshaw and Andrea Slominski. Annie Schwartz of Origin Talent will give a workshop on “The Role of The Agent.” Emmy-award winning actress Kathleen Noone will conduct a workshop on personal development in the entertainment business. The program will end in a showcase production in the COC Performing Arts Center’s Black Box Theater. “This is such a great opportunity for actors to study with amazing teachers and artists as part of COC’s Theatre Department,” said Mark Salyer, co-director of the program. “Most of these workshops would be cost-prohibitive for young actors.” Those who audition must prepare a 60-second monologue and also 32 bars of a song if they want to be considered for the musical theater portion of the series. VALENCIA – Auditions will be held in the coming week for budding actors interested in training with professionals in a summer theater program at College of the Canyons. Open to performers 16 and older, the program, a partnership of the college and the SCV Theatre Project, will host tryouts at 7p.m. Wednesday and 1p.m. May20 in the Black Box theater on campus. The five-week sessions will include classes on everything from voice and movement to learning the business of agents, casting and cold reads. Among the instructors are Jean-Louis Rodrigue, who has worked with the artists of Cirque De Soleil, the Mark Taper Forum, Geffen Playhouse, the Los Angeles Philharmonic and on such films as “Bee Season” with Juliette Binoche, “Seabiscuit” with Elizabeth Banks and “The Affair of the Necklace” with Hilary Swank. last_img read more

La Liga chases Asian cash with early Clasico kick-off

first_imgWith a potential television audience of 650 million people, according to La Liga, El Clasico is the most watched club match around the world thanks to its unique mixture of star protagonists and a fierce rivalry fostered over decades both on the field and off it by the distinct cultural differences between Catalonia and Madrid.“It is the ideal shop window, the marquee match to show to people Spanish football,” Jose Maria Gay de Liebana, professor of economics at Barcelona University and an expert in Spanish football finances, said to AFP.However, it is not just a boom in lucrative television rights that La Liga and its two biggest clubs are seeking with an early start this weekend, but a showcase for all of their lucrative sponsorship contracts.Last year Barcelona signed a club record shirt sponsorship deal worth a minimum of Sh26.8bn ($258 mn) over four years with Japanese online retailer Rakuten.With a potential television audience of 650 million, according to La Liga, El Clasico between giants Real Madrid and Barcelona is the most watched club match around the world © AFP/File / JOSEP LAGO“They want to sell their products to international markets, above all in Asia,” added Gay de Liebana.According to a study carried out by consumer analytics specialists Nielsen Sports, last season’s corresponding first La Liga Clasico of the season generated more than Sh4.4bn ($42.5 million) in media value for sponsors.“The kick-off of the next El Clasico on December 23 is at 1300 Madrid time, 2000 in Shanghai, 1900 in Jakarta and 1730 in New Delhi,” continued Evers.“These are all locations where we know there are many La Liga fans and where we will be hosting events to celebrate El Clasico.“Additional events are being held in various locations around Asia. Through this and other initiatives we want to make existing fans even bigger La Liga supporters and, of course, we want to attract new supporters as well.”– La Liga lagging behind –Such events are a sign of La Liga’s awareness of how the Spanish top flight lags behind England’s cash rich Premier League in the battle for Asian based fans.For the first time, Spanish football’s showpiece event, El Clasico between Real Madrid and Barcelona, has been scheduled for a lunchtime kick-off as La Liga seeks to capture Asia’s attention and its cash © AFP/File / MARK RALSTONThe Premier League’s estimated $3.9 billion income from domestic and international TV rights a season dwarfs La Liga’s $1.9 billion revenue.Moreover, whilst Asia is the Premier League’s biggest international market, it trails behind the Americas and the rest of Europe in La Liga’s rights deals.“We have changed kick-off schedules so that they can be seen at reasonable times here in Asia and we will continue to take steps to ensure that this part of the world can enjoy La Liga as much as possible,” La Liga president Javier Tebas said at the opening of the league’s new Singapore office earlier this year, just one of a series of new La Liga bases across the world.Tebas is acutely aware that Spain’s privileged position at the top of the European game is coming under threat from the Premier League’s economic power.He has repeatedly warned the Premier League could become the NBA of European football, capable of poaching Barca and Madrid’s stars like Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo in the same way Barca were powerless to stop Qatar-backed Paris Saint Germain paying a world record 222 million euros for Neymar in August.Madrid and Barca have combined to win the Champions League in seven of the past 12 years. However, for the first time ever England will have five of the last 16 of the competition in 2018.However, Gay de Liebana believes La Liga’s focus shouldn’t rest solely on Asia, but take advantage of the cultural and linguistic advantages they have in Latin American markets, from where many of its current stars like Messi and Uruguay’s Luis Suarez hail.“They have to gamble and look towards South and Latin America. They are emerging countries where there is a rising middle class and greater spending power,” he added.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Last year Barcelona signed a club record shirt sponsorship deal worth a minimum of 220 million euros ($258 million) over four years with Japanese online retailer Rakuten © AFP/File / JAVIER SORIANOMADRID, Spain, Dec 19 – For the first time, Spanish football’s showpiece event, El Clasico between giants Real Madrid and Barcelona, has been scheduled for a lunchtime kick-off (3pm) on Saturday as La Liga seeks to capture Asia’s attention and its cash.“We are keen to provide our fans in Asia the opportunity to watch Real Madrid and Barcelona face off at a time that is convenient to them,” La Liga’s Chief Communications Officer Joris Evers told AFP.last_img read more

FIFA sponsors call on Sepp Blatter to resign as president immediately

first_img Sepp Blatter VISA and Budweiser have joined two of FIFA’s other main sponsors, Coca-Cola and McDonald’s, in calling on president Sepp Blatter to resign from his post at football’s governing body immediately.Swiss authorities opened criminal investigations against Blatter this week as an improper payment of £1.3m to UEFA president Michel Platini emerged.It is the first time that a sponsor has spoken out against the current regime with American giants Coca-Cola and McDonalds having sponsored FIFA since 1970.In a statement, Coca-Cola said: “For the benefit of the game, The Coca-Cola Company is calling for FIFA President Joseph Blatter to step down immediately so that a credible and sustainable reform process can begin in earnest.“Every day that passes, the image and reputation of FIFA continues to tarnish.“FIFA needs comprehensive and urgent reform, and that can only be accomplished through a truly independent approach.”McDonald’s swiftly followed with a statement of their own, saying: “We believe it would be in the best interest of the game for FIFA President Sepp Blatter to step down immediately so that the reform process can proceed with the credibility that is needed.”However, Blatter’s US-based lawyer Richard Cullen responded with a defiant message.“While Coca-Cola is a valued sponsor of FIFA, Mr Blatter respectfully disagrees with its position and believes firmly that his leaving office now would not be in the best interest of FIFA nor would it advance the process of reform and, therefore, he will not resign,” he said. The four companies make up the majority of FIFA’s sponsorship, with the last remaining member of the ‘big five’ sponsors, Adidas, yet to comment.Football Association chairman Greg Dyke said this should now be the end of the road for Blatter.Dyke said: “I think this is a game changer. It doesn’t matter what Mr Blatter says now – if the people who pay for FIFA want a change they will get a change.“What is important is that it isn’t just about Mr Blatter standing down – it’s about making sure there is a comprehensive and effective reform programme. So for those of us who want fundamental change this is good news.” 1last_img read more

Hiddink says he subbed Rahman because of defender’s poor showing at Southampton

first_imgGuus Hiddink revealed his decision to substitute Baba Rahman at half-time in Chelsea’s 2-1 Premier League win at Southampton owed entirely to the defender’s poor performance, adding his left-back was not carrying an injury.Rahman had been criticised by Fabregas for giving the ball away, suggesting Hiddink is not the only one losing patience with a player signed for £22million. That they were facing Ryan Bertrand, a player they sold to Southampton for £10million, only highlighted his poor performance.Rahman’s soft header had just gifted Shane Long the chance from which he gave Southampton the lead and, despite Chelsea’s limited options in defence, Hiddink decided he had seen enough.The decision to replace Rahman with Kenedy paid dividends as second-half goals from Cesc Fabregas and Branislav Ivanovic secured victory, but despite Chelsea’s improving form there must be concerns about the defence after Hiddink was forced to act.Chelsea’s second-half goals ended Southampton’s run of five wins from their previous six fixtures, while England goalkeeper Fraser Forster conceded for the first time in 708 minutes.“I could say he was injured, but he was just taken off because of that (mistake),” said Hiddink, who is already without Kurt Zouma and John Terry, while Pedro was lost to a hamstring injury after six minutes.“I don’t like to personalise it, but you have to take decisions sometimes that can appear very harsh. We have to cope with that.“Young Kenedy did his job very well when he came in. Sometimes you have to take decisions like that. It’s like it is. It’s harsh, but I have also to control and not always wait on decisions. I’m responsible for the general result.“I don’t know what the ‘old Chelsea’ was, but the Chelsea we want to see is one that reacts when there is a setback. We like to be pro-active and show the desire is huge to turn a result from negative to positive. The players must respond, and they did.”last_img read more

Where to catch Santa in Gardena

first_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREPettersson scores another winner, Canucks beat Kings&#149 Thursday: 6 to 7 p.m., Thornburg Park, 2320 W. 149th St.; 7 to 8 p.m., Freeman Park, 2100 W. 154th Place; 8 to 8:30 p.m., 154th Street and Casimir Avenue. &#149 Dec. 17: 6 to 7 p.m., Vincent Bell Memorial Park, 14708 Halldale Ave.; 7 to 8 p.m., Amestoy Elementary School, 1048 W. 149th St. &#149 Dec. 18: 6 to 7 p.m., Recreation Park, 15802 Brighton Ave.; 7 to 7:30 p.m., northeast parking lot, Gardena Boulevard and Berendo Avenue; 7:30 to 8:30 p.m., South Gardena Park, 1200 W. 170th St. &#149 Dec. 19: 6 to 6:30 p.m., Sam’s Club, 1399 W. Artesia Blvd.; 6:30 to 7:30 p.m. 170th Street and Denker Avenue; 7:30 to 8 p.m., 179th Place and Denker Avenue; 8 to 8:30 p.m., 182nd Street and Vermont Avenue. &#149 Dec. 20: 6 to 7 p.m. Specialty stops and convalescent homes. Full Santa route schedules for other South Bay cities are available on the Daily Breeze Web site at www.dailybreeze.com. Santa Claus — with the help of the Gardena Police Department, the Gardena Police Officers Association and community members — will visit the city’s neighborhoods, parks and other locations starting Tuesday through Dec. 20. Children can visit Santa at the following locations: &#149 Tuesday: 6 to 7 p.m., Rowley Memorial Park, 13220 Van Ness Ave.; 7 to 8 p.m., 141st Place and Ardath Avenue. &#149 Wednesday: 6 to 7 p.m., 12901 Vermont Ave.; 7 to 8 p.m., 14000 block of Budlong Avenue. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

Commuter nightmare

first_imgNORWALK — A backpack left on a platform at the Metro Green Line’s Norwalk station Friday prompted authorities to take shut down the transit hub for hours, along with a major San Gabriel Valley freeway, tying up traffic for miles. The backpack turned out to contain nothing more than a make-up compact. Still, officials said, they could not take any chances in light of recent terror warnings and the July 7 attacks on London’s subways. “In this type of case, you’d rather be safe than sorry … with the heightened security around mass transit since the London bombings,” said Deputy Scott Gage of the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department. “It could be a normal backpack, or it could be a bomb.” Metrolink riders and commuters who take buses into the Norwalk station were forced to find other routes after a deputy from the Sheriff’s Department’s Transportation Services Bureau noticed the unattended backpack lying on a lower-level platform at about 10:10 a.m. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWalnut’s Malik Khouzam voted Southern California Boys Athlete of the Week One of those commuters was Yoko Pettus of Tustin, who wasn’t too upset by the disruption. “I take the train to El Segundo, where I work. I have a car, so I’ll just drive instead,” she said. Experts for the sheriff’s Bomb Squad were summoned to the station. Meanwhile, California Highway Patrol officers began closing off both sides of the nearby San Gabriel River (605) Freeway, from Rosecrans Avenue to the Pomona (60) Freeway on the northbound side, and from Imperial Highway to just beyond the Riverside (91) Freeway on the southbound side. In addition, the car pool lane of the eastbound Glenn Anderson (105) Freeway (also known as the Century Freeway) was closed at Studebaker Avenue, authorities said. Trains headed to the Norwalk station were re-routed to the Lakewood station. From there, buses took riders to other destinations, said train operator Michael Walden. About an hour and a half after the backpack was found, about 11:30 a.m., Bomb Squad members sent a remote-controlled robot into the station’s lower level, where the bag sat on a platform directly below the westbound 105 freeway on-ramp. Ten minutes later, officers were heard yelling, “Fire in the hole!” The robot then set off an explosive device to detonate any bomb that would have been inside the backpack. The explosion blew the bag atop a train stopped in the station. Bomb Squad members then used a long pole to retrieve the bag. Shortly afterward, a squad member walked back upstairs, holding the red backpack. About 12:30 p.m., authorities called off the emergency, freeways were re-opened, and the Norwalk station resumed operations. Sandy Mazza may be reached by calling (562) 698-0955, Ext. 3026, or by e-mail at sandy.mazza@sgvn.com.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

Vitamin C Loss Is Not Evolution’s Gain

first_imgEvolution predicts gain of function; genetic entropy predicts loss of function.  A gene that helps synthesize Vitamin C provides a test between the two views.  Is there evidence for the origin of this gene?  Or does the mutation history show loss of function spreading by entropy over various lineages of mammals?  A recent pro-evolutionary paper cannot ignore the losses, but tries to give evolutionary explanations anyway.Humans are among vertebrates that have lost the ability to synthesize Vitamin C and must obtain it from diet.  Other scurvy knaves include some bats, some birds, some fish, guinea pigs and anthropoid apes like chimpanzees.  In those cases, loss of function of one gene named GULO prevents the final step in Vitamin C (Vc) synthesis; otherwise, the GULO gene is highly conserved among mammals.  A team from the UK and China examined bats as a test case to determine what led to the loss, and published their results in PLoS ONE.1The authors state, “The ability to synthesize Vc has been reported in many ancestral vertebrate lineages, suggesting the ability for de novo synthesis is ancient.”  They did not indicate how Vc synthesis arose anywhere in the paper: nothing about gain of function or transitional forms, other than this one statement: “there is an apparent transition of the organs used for the biosynthesis of Vc during evolution, from the kidney of reptiles to the liver of mammals.”  However, loss of function is mentioned throughout.“Our recent research has challenged the traditional opinion that bats cannot synthesize Vc by showing that GULO genes in two species (Rousettus leschenaultii and Hipposideros armiger) are still in their intact forms and can produce functional proteins,” they said.  “Bats are perhaps in the process of large-scale loss of Vc biosynthesis ability, and show varying degrees of lack of GULO function.”  From this information, they traced the lineages of bats that have Vc synthesis and those that have lost it.  Assuming bats evolved from a common ancestor (which they did not specify as anything other than a fully-flying bat, but only inferred using phylogenetic software), they found a stepwise mutation pattern:Interestingly, ancestral sequence reconstruction exhibits a stepwise mutation pattern (figure 4) that starts around the time when the tested bat species first evolved from a common ancestor around 58 mya. The ancestor of all bats maintains most of the original Laurasiatheria gene form (with only two mutations) after divergence with non-bat Laurasiatheria species; the ancestor of Hipposideridae, Rhinolophidae, and Megadermatidae (origin around 52 mya) has 3 mutations; the ancestor of Hipposideridae and Rhinolophidae (origin around 39 mya) has 4 mutations; the ancestor of Pteropodidae (origin around 23 mya) has 7 mutations; and the ancestor of the recently emerged Pteropus bats (around 3 mya) have 13 mutations, hence showing a stepwise accumulation of mutations during bat GULO evolution.While this sequence is instructive (assuming their phylogenetic reconstructions are credible, based as they are on evolutionary dating), it does not show bats evolving into non-bats or gaining any new functions that were not already present in the putative common ancestor.  Instead, it shows mutations accumulating, and the bats losing an important function that, while not vital, would certainly be beneficial.Ancestral reconstruction clearly shows a stepwise accumulating mutation pattern during bat GULO evolution. By mapping each mutation step with the origination times of each clade (figure 4), we surprisingly found that the more ancient the species are, the less mutations they had accumulated; conversely, more recently evolved bats often accumulated many mutations, which supports our hypothesis that Vc synthesis involving GULO is gradually becoming less important in bats. The ancestral bats were therefore presumably able to biosynthesize Vc, and during evolution, GULO gene function is gradually becoming redundant.By redundant, they mean that if bats are able to ingest Vitamin C in their diets, the GULO gene is unnecessary.  Human sailors, of course, found that without citrus fruits on their ships, scurvy could be a fatal consequence.  Speaking of humans, there is evidence for a human GULO gene that has been mutated into a pseudogene: “The gene encoding GULO in guinea pigs and humans has become a pseudogene,” the authors said, referring to prior research.  If that gene could be restored, it might be possible to once again gain Vc synthesis function.  No more Vitamin C supplements!In the mutant lineages of bats, too, once-active GULO pseudogenes were found.  “Bats showed lineage-specific gene pseudogenization including premature stop codons, insertions and deletions,” they said; in other lineages, the GULO genes were intact.  They inferred that purifying selection is acting to conserve the intact genes, but partial or complete loss is in progress: “We found that strong purifying selection has shaped non-Pteropus bat pseudogenes, suggesting these bats are in early stages of loss in their ability to synthesize Vc…. Thus we infer that pseudogenization of bat GULO evolved recently.”So while they spoke of evolution frequently, it is clear they were talking about degeneration of the bat genome through genetic entropy.  “In conclusion, our study shows that bats are beginning to lose their ability to biosynthesis vitamin C and some have lost this ability in no more than 3 mya. During gene degeneration, stepwise mutation patterns are evident and these are important mechanisms leading eventually to pseudogenization.”1. Cui J, Yuan X, Wang L, Jones G, Zhang S, 2011 Recent Loss of Vitamin C Biosynthesis Ability in Bats. PLoS ONE 6(11): e27114. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0027114.Anyone see evolution here?  This is all downhill.  Abilities that once existed are being mutated away.  Where is the common ancestor of bats?  Only in software that assumes it existed, because Darwin’s theory demands that each animal “emerged” from something simpler.  Bats are notoriously resistant to this idea, because the oldest known fossil bat is 100% bat.  Dr. Duane Gish was arguing this for decades in his debates with evolutionists, and it is still true, despite plenty of time for fossil hunters to find a mouse with half-wings trying to attain batdom.This paper is another example confirming Dr. John Sanford’s theory of genetic entropy (see Genetic Entropy and the Mystery of the Genome).  Mutations are dragging once-perfect genomes downward toward extinction. “Purifying selection” (not a creative process) weeds out the worst (usually by death), but allows many neutral or near-neutral mutations to accumulate, leading to weakened fitness.  Vitamin C synthesis is a good example, because diet can compensate for the loss of the GULO gene. Wouldn’t you really rather have it, though?Bible believers may take interest in the idea of a genetic bottleneck at the time of the Flood.  The GULO gene was probably already mutating in the antediluvian world.  There were only 8 inhabitants on the Ark.  If they all had mutated GULO genes, then every human since would be deprived of Vitamin C synthesis.  Interesting, is it not, that that is just what we observe.(Visited 156 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more