Nkosi Johnson lives on, in a haven

first_imgGail Johnson and Nkosi had 8½ years together before he died at the age of 12. (Image: Gail Johnson) Nkosi Johnson’s grave sits in the avenue of graves in Heroes’ Acre at the Westpark Cemetery in Johannesburg. Children sit amidst colourful couches, watching a movie, at Nkosi’s Haven. (Images: Lucille Davie) Nkosi Johnson was 11 years old when he stood up in front of 10 000 people to tell them his story. (Image: Gail Johnson) MEDIA CONTACTS • Gail Johnson Founding Director, Nkosi’s Haven +27 11 942 5580/1/3/4 RELATED ARTICLES • HIV/Aids in South AfricaLucille DavieNkosi Johnson’s mother never said goodbye to him when she died. This affected the 8-year-old boy deeply, so much so that he wanted to start a home so that Aids-infected mothers and children could stay together.Johnson was born with HIV, and died of Aids in 2001; he was just 12 years old. He gave a human face to Aids in South Africa and the world, at a time when it was still a taboo topic in the country. Today it still carries stigma, and women are chased out of their homes by their families or their husbands if they reveal their HIV status.In mid-2000, a year before he died, Nkosi delivered his self-penned address to 10 000 delegates at the 13th International Aids Conference in Durban, broadcast to over 60 million worldwide. A tiny 11-year-old figure, dressed in a suit, held the microphone in his small hand, and said: “Hi, My name is Nkosi Johnson. I live in Melville, Johannesburg, South Africa. I am 11 years old and I have full-blown Aids. I was born HIV-positive.” Later that year he delivered the same speech at an Aids conference in Atlanta, Georgia.He was taken home as a 3-year-old by Gail Johnson, who at the time was a founder member of the Guest House, an Aids care home in Houghton, Johannesburg. She took him home when the home closed. His mother, Nonthlanthla Daphne Nkosi, was still able to care for him but she feared that his and her status would become known in the township where she lived, Daveyton, east of Joburg. She had passed the virus on to him, in the days before mothers were given antiretroviral (ARV) treatment during childbirth; this is no longer the case in South Africa.At her funeral Nkosi was introduced to a man whom he was told was his father. “He became overwhelmed, and fell on his knees and cried,” says Johnson. The father was asked whether he was taking Nkosi home. Nkosi asked Johnson: “Why wasn’t my father living with my mother and looking after us?”There was no answer to this – instead, Johnson’s husband became his daddy. Johnson was asked to take home Nkosi’s older sister, but this never happened.Nkosi said in his speech: “Ever since the funeral, I have been missing my mommy lots and I wish she was with me, but I know she is in heaven. And she is on my shoulder watching over me and in my heart.”Johnson had to answer his question: “Does everyone who has Aids die?” She told him “yes, because there is no cure”, but added that you could die from a shotgun wound, or be knocked down by a car, “but we’ve got to fight it”. This was in 1997 before ARVs were available in the country, and Aids was a death sentence.And the two of them did, through good nutrition. Johnson says he was never ill, except for an ear infection, and pneumonia, from which he recovered. By the end of 2000 he had become so weak and tired – of taking the medication, of having had diarrhoea for a year, and eventually, of forgetting words because the virus was attacking his brain. He started having seizures, and eventually went into a coma, after which he woke occasionally but never spoke again. He was by then “a little wizened old man of 8.5kg”, said Johnson.He said in his speech: “I hate having Aids because I get very sick and I get very sad when I think of all the other children and babies that are sick with Aids.”Another little boyJohnson shared nine and a half years of Nkosi’s short life, and what helped her towards the end was that another little boy had entered her life. She brought home Thabo, an abandoned child, when he was four days old, three days before Nkosi went into a coma, and some six months before he died.“Thabo was my balance,” she says. “He was a brand new little thing who was thriving. He brought a semblance of normality.” Thabo is now 13, and he doesn’t have HIV. Johnson says that Nkosi would be 24 years old now, if he’d lived. Her own children are 44 and 33.She recounts that both were quiet kids, both were undemanding, and both were concerned for her. While Thabo has a “divine sense of humour”, Nkosi could be mischievous. “If he had done something wrong, he would bring me a glass of wine, or run a bath for me.”Both Nkosi and Thabo were dreamers, she explains. Nkosi used to dream big.“He used to wonder what happened to other infected children,” recalls Johnson, after Nkosi lost his mother. “He said: ‘Should we start something for moms and kids, to keep them together’.”Nkosi’s HavenJohnson started Nkosi’s Haven in 1999 in the inner city suburb of Berea, in a house. Today the haven – a collection of buildings on a hill where you can hear the birds singing and see the wide blue sky – is on 2.5 acres of land in Alan Manor in southern Joburg. Children’s happy laughter sounds from swings, or atop skateboards as they whizz down the hill.There is a small sports area where the kids play soccer, basketball, netball and volleyball. The children can develop their creativity in the music and art room, the computer room, or the dance hall. A library is also dotted among the buildings. A large recreation room is filled with colourful couches and chairs, and a TV keeps the under-10s occupied with a children’s film during the school holidays.Children and adults smile happily, walking between the colourful buildings, and greet a visitor cheerfully.Nkosi’s Haven is a safe place for destitute infected mothers and their children. It is home to 22 mothers and 124 children. All mothers are HIV-positive and on antiretroviral treatment, while 35 children are HIV-positive, and take a daily ARV dose. Seventy-two of the 124 children are orphans.Some of the mothers work in the onsite bakery, the kitchen and the laundry. Johnson employs 12 permanent child care workers, a resident manager, two drivers, three administration staff, and four women in the sick bay. She has part timers and volunteers working as play and art therapists.Some of the mothers dropped out of school in grades 5, 6 or 7, as “problem daughters”, who were infected, and rejected by their families. Although the haven offers a permanent home to them, they are free to leave at any stage. Some are on the government waiting list for a house, and some work at the home.“I won’t let them go to a shack in a squatter camp. They must be able to maintain themselves – it’s pointless letting someone go if she’s going to crash,” says Johnson.The haven pays for the children’s education, and Johnson proudly lists the success stories. One is finishing a bachelor of commerce degree; another is a final year student finishing a degree in human resources. Another is in second year, studying sports management. Two students are studying tourism. Two each own a taxi, another is a manager at fast food delivery service Mr Delivery, and one is a receptionist.Nkosi’s Haven, an NGO, doesn’t qualify for a government subsidy, and relies entirely on sponsors and donations. Johnson spends a fair amount of her time fundraising, to meet the costs of running the home, at R5-million a year, of which R1.9-million is spent on education.Demands of the jobDespite the demands of the job, she couldn’t see herself doing anything else, and at 65, doesn’t see herself retiring. “I would go mental if I retire,” she says, adding that she finds it hard to “just chill out on holiday”.When asked where she gets the energy to do what she does, she replies: “I just do things and I don’t know why. If someone needs help then I must do it.”Looking back she says she has always been like this. When she was seven years old, the family’s domestic worker’s baby nearly died, and she thinks this might have triggered a need in her.Nkosi ended his speech back in 2000 with these words: “When I grow up, I want to lecture to more and more people about Aids – and if mommy Gail will let me, around the whole country. I want people to understand about Aids – to be careful and respect Aids – you can’t get Aids if you touch, hug, kiss, hold hands with someone who is infected.“Care for us and accept us – we are all human beings.”The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/Aids, UNAids, estimates that in 2012 there were 6.1 million South Africans living with HIV. There are 410 000 children up to the age of 14 living with the virus, and 2.5 million children orphaned by Aids in the country. In 2012, 240 000 people died of Aids.Nkosi is buried in the Heroes’ Acre at the Westpark Cemetery in Johannesburg. His tombstone reads:“To the world you were an iconTo Africa you were a heroTo South Africa you were the face of Aids and a warriorTo me, you were my sonRest in peace, KosiI love you and miss you.momlast_img read more

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Potential frost impacts for Ohio’s late planted crops

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Alexandra KnightBy Alexandra Knight, Pioneer Field Agronomist, Lewis Center, OhioThe cool, wet spring of 2019 got many farmers off to a slow start in Ohio. The challenging weather conditions carried over from last Fall and continued through May and well into June. The question remains, “Will crops have enough time to will finish out?” Early September was not excessively warm, but the majority of Ohio continues to track 4 to 5 days ahead of the long-term average for heat unit accumulation. This is true of whether your plant date was May 30, June 30 or anywhere in between.Each day corn planting is delayed past May 1 a decrease of 6.8 GDUs will be required to reach maturity. This means a May 30 planted corn would require approximately 204 GDUs less than it would on April 30. With this in mind, 105-day corn is anticipated to be at blacklayer mid-September when planted May 30, late September when planted June 15 and late October when planted June 30. These anticipated timeframes are with the expectation of weather keeping up with the long-term average and most relevant for central Ohio.Corn producers — especially in northwest Ohio — are hoping to avoid an early frost to maximize yield and have dry corn to shell. If a cold snap does hit early, the severity of frost and stage of corn will determine the yield impact. In general, a hard-killing frost at an early reproductive stage of corn will be more detrimental to yield. Research would define a light frost event as one in which leaves are killed but not the stalk and shank. A hard-killing frost (29 degree F or less for several hours) at beginning dent (R5) has shown the potential of a 35% to 40% yield hit. Once reaching half milk line (R5.5), the risk of yield reduction decreases. However, a hard frost has shown a 12% to 15% yield decline while a light frost is a 7% to 10% yield hit. A freeze event at R5.75, or three-quarters milk line, has shown a 5% to 6% yield decline and 2% to 4% with a light frost.Soybeans are photoperiod plants. Meaning plants will initiate flowering and crop maturation in response to longer night lengths. Later planting will therefore result in a decrease in the time spent in vegetative growth as well as reproductive growth. As a general rule, for a three-week delay in planting, soybean harvest will be delayed one week. Soybeans typically take 70 days from R1 to R7. This will be lesser with a later planting date. Soybeans will continue to add nodes and flowers until R5 or beginning seed.As we get later in the year, the risk of frost obviously becomes greater. What timeline are we looking at for soybeans to finish out and what is the yield penalty if an early frost occurs? From full seed (R6) to maturity we are looking at approximately 25 days remaining until full maturity and seed moisture of 75% to 80%. A frost at this growth stage would lead to a yield loss of 20% to 35%. R6.5, or mid-way between full seed and maturity, there is roughly 16 to 18 days to maturity with pods between green and yellow in color. A frost event occurring at this growth stage would mean a yield hit between 10% and 15%. R7 is the beginning of maturity where one pod on the main stem has reached mature color. At this point, the crop is 8 to 10 days from full maturity. A frost event at this stage would range from 0% to 5% loss. The start of full maturity (R8) will mean that most pods are of mature color but still require 5 to 10 days to reach a harvestable moisture. Beginning R8 will have pods between 25% and 35% moisture.With much of the state showing late October as the historical date for the first killing freeze, there is still time on the calendar for crops to reach full maturity without cold weather limiting yield.last_img read more

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